The quality of drinking water available to consumers in Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania has improved in recent years thanks to European Union funding, but a significant amount of money still needs to be invested, according to a new report from the European Court of Auditors.
The auditors examined EU action on drinking water quality in the three EU countries. The audit covered the period from the countries’ accession to the end of 2016. Overall, they found that access and supply had improved – largely due to significant EU investment in recent years.
Between 2007 and 2020, European Regional Development Fund and Cohesion Fund support for the management and supply of drinking water in Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania will total 3.7billion euro, the European Court of Auditors said.
However, the auditors said that there were still areas where water from the public network does not fully comply with the 1998 EU Drinking Water Directive.
Further, significant further national public and private investment will be needed to provide access to good quality water for everyone in these countries and to ensure that EU-funded investments can be adequately maintained.
“Financial support from the EU budget to these water networks has been substantial, but it should not replace expenditure by the member states,” George Pufan, the member of the European Court of Auditors responsible for the report, said. “Overall, these three countries will have to invest more than €6 billion by the end of 2020 to cover their needs.”
The auditors recommend that the European Commission should follow up on gaps in member state monitoring and enforce the Drinking Water Directive.
The Commission should modify the Directive to ensure that member states inform the Commission about derogations for Small Water Supply Zones; require regular and timely reporting by member states and extend this requirement to Small Water Supply Zones; improve the requirements for the provision of adequate and up-to-date information on the quality of water available to consumers; and support member states in promoting actions aimed at the reduction of water losses.
The report said that the member states should require as part of the selection criteria for water facility projects that contribute to national targets the inclusion of plans to reduce water losses; ensure that tariffs provide for sustainable infrastructure; and if necessary, provide financial or other forms of support to households for whom water costs are above the affordability rate.
(Photo: Giani Pralea/sxc.hu)