Security situation in Black Sea: Nato steps up surveillance and reconnaissance

Nato and Allies are stepping up surveillance and reconnaissance in the Black Sea region, including with maritime patrol aircraft and drones, according to a statement after the Nato-Ukraine Council met on July 26.

The meeting, the second of its kind since the Nato-Ukraine Council was inaugurated earlier in July, was held to address the serious security situation in the Black Sea region following Russia’s unilateral termination of the Black Sea Grain Initiative brokered by the United Nations and Türkiye, the statement said.

Nato Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg convened the meeting following a request for crisis consultation from Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.

The statement said that since last year, in response to Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine, Nato has significantly increased its presence in the region, including with two new multinational battlegroups in Bulgaria and Romania.

Allies and Ukraine strongly condemned Russia’s decision to withdraw from the Black Sea grain deal and its deliberate attempts to stop Ukraine’s agricultural exports on which hundreds of millions of people worldwide depend, the statement said.

They also condemned Russia’s recent missile attacks on Odesa, Mykolaiv, and other port cities, including Moscow’s cynical drone attack on the Ukrainian grain storage facility in the Danube port city of Reni, very close to the Romanian border.

“Allies noted that Russia’s new warning area in the Black Sea, within Bulgaria’s exclusive economic zone, has created new risks for miscalculation and escalation, as well as serious impediments to freedom of navigation,” the statement said.

Nato Deputy Secretary General Mircea Geoană said: “Russia continues to show utter disrespect for international law and for the people worldwide who depend on Ukrainian grain.

“Russia is threatening civilian ships, terrorising peaceful cities, and destroying parts of the world’s cultural heritage with its brutal strikes. Nato is united. We stand in solidarity with our Black Sea Allies, we will continue to protect one another, and we will continue to support Ukraine for as long as it takes,” Geoană said.

Stoltenberg said: “Russia bears full responsibility for its dangerous and escalatory actions in the Black Sea region.

“Russia must stop weaponising hunger, and threatening the world’s most vulnerable people with food instability. Russia’s actions also pose substantial risks to the stability of the Black Sea region, which is of strategic importance to Nato,” Stoltenberg said.

“Allies are stepping up support to Ukraine and increasing our vigilance. We remain ready to defend every inch of Allied territory from any aggression.”

The statement said that the Nato Allies welcomed the continued efforts of Türkiye to revitalise the grain deal, and the efforts of other Allies – including Bulgaria and Romania – as well as the European Union and the United Nations to enable the continued export of Ukrainian grain by land and sea.

Allies also made clear that they would continue to provide Ukraine with major military, economic, and humanitarian assistance, the statement said.

(Archive photo from a Nato exercise in the Black Sea in 2020: US Navy Sixth Fleet)

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