The Council of the European Union announced on February 25 further details of the newly-approved 10th package of sanctions against Russia.
The decision imposes further export bans on critical technology and industrial goods, such as electronics, specialised vehicles, machine parts, spare parts for trucks and jet engines, as well as goods for the construction sector which can be directed to Russia’s military, such as antennas or cranes.
The list of restricted items that could contribute to the technological enhancement of Russia’s defence and security sector will now include additional new electronic components that are be used in Russian weapons systems retrieved on the battlefield, including drones, missiles, helicopters, as well as specific rare earth materials, electronic integrated circuits, and thermal cameras.
Dual use goods are also targeted. The decision expands the list of entities supporting directly Russia’s military and industrial complex in its war of aggression by additional 96 entities, thereby imposing tighter export restrictions on them.
For the first time, this list will include seven Iranian entities manufacturing military unmanned aerial vehicles, which have been used by Russia’s military in its war of aggression including against civilian infrastructure.
EU ministers decided to prohibit the transit through Russia of EU exported dual use goods and technology, in order to avoid circumvention.
Further restrictions are imposed on imports of goods which generate significant revenues for Russia, such as asphalt and synthetic rubber.
The statement said that in order to address the Russian Federation’s systematic, international campaign of disinformation and information manipulation intended to destabilise its neighbouring countries, the EU and its member states, the Council initiated the process for suspending the broadcasting licences of two additional media outlets: RT Arabic and Sputnik Arabic.
It said that these outlets are under the permanent direct or indirect control of the leadership of the Russian Federation and have been used by latter for its continuous and concerted disinformation and war propaganda actions, which legitimise Russia’s aggression and undermine support for Ukraine.
In line with the Charter of Fundamental Rights, these measures will not prevent those media outlets and their staff from carrying out activities in the EU other than broadcasting, for example research and interviews, the statement said.
The decision restricts the possibility for Russian nationals to hold any position in the governing bodies of EU critical infrastructures and entities, as Russia’s influence in these bodies could jeopardise their well-functioning and ultimately constitute and hazard for the provision of essential services to the European citizens.
The Council introduced the prohibition to provide gas storage capacity (with the exclusion of the part of LNG facilities) to Russian nationals, in order to protect the security of gas supply in the EU, and avoid Russia’s weaponisation of its gas supply and risks of market manipulation.
In order to ensure the effectiveness of the asset freeze prohibitions, the Council decided to introduce more detailed reporting obligations on funds and economic resources belonging to listed individuals and entities which have been frozen or were subject to any move shortly before the listing.
The Council also introduced new reporting obligations to the EU member states and to the European Commission on immobilized reserves and assets of the Central Bank of Russia.
Moreover, aircraft operators will have to notify non-scheduled flights to their national competent authorities, which will then inform other member states.
In addition to economic sanctions, the Council decided to list a significant amount of additional individuals and entities.
Three Russian banks have been added to the list of entities subject to the asset freeze and the prohibition to make funds and economic resources available.
In the European Council conclusions of February 9 2023, the EU reiterated its resolute condemnation of Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine, which constitutes a manifest violation of the UN Charter, and has brought immense suffering and destruction upon Ukraine and its people.
Russia must stop this atrocious war immediately, the statement said.
“The European Union will stand by Ukraine with steadfast support for as long as it takes, and remains unwavering in its support for Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity,” it said.
The statement said that the relevant legal acts would soon be published in the Official Journal of the EU.
(Photo: Sébastien Bertrand)
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