European Commission takes Bulgaria to court over assignment of digital terrestrial broadcasting authorisations

The European Commission has decided to refer Bulgaria to the EU’s Court of Justice over the assignment of the digital broadcast spectrum.

The Commission said on January 24 2013 that it had found that the procedure followed by Bulgaria was based on disproportionately restrictive award conditions, leading to the exclusion of potential candidates.

This hampers competition in the future Bulgarian digital terrestrial television (DTT) infrastructure market, in breach of the applicable EU Directives on electronic communications, the European Commission said.

The efficient reallocation of radiospectrum as a result of the transition from analogue to digital broadcasting (the ‘digital dividend’) is part of the EU’s policy objectives under the Digital Agenda. In order to ensure that this process leads to the entry of new players capable of enhancing competition in the market and expanding viewer choice, the Commission has adopted a set of rules for the allocation of this extra spectrum capacity.

These rules require that spectrum is allocated under open, transparent, objective, non-discriminatory and proportionate criteria.

The Commission considers that Bulgaria did not comply with the requirements of the Competition Directive when it assigned in 2009 the five spectrum lots available via two contest procedures, limiting without justification the number of companies that could potentially enter the market.

Moreover, the selection criteria of the contest procedures were disproportionate, refusing applicants that had links with content providers (TV channels operators), including operators active only outside Bulgaria, or with broadcasting network operators, in breach of the three directives.

In March 2012, the Commission requested the Bulgarian authorities to address the breach of EU law and allow effective entry into the Bulgarian DTT infrastructure market.

Bulgaria had announced the launch of a new tender procedure for the assignment of further spectrum. However, this spectrum will not be available before September 1 2013, date of the analogue switch off.

It is expected that current TV channels will enter into agreements with broadcast network operators before the switchover so as to be broadcast on the new DTT infrastructure on that date. There is a strong likelihood that there will be no business case for an operator entering after that date. The Commission has therefore decided to refer Bulgaria to the Court, the European Commission said.



The Sofia Globe staff

The Sofia Globe - the Sofia-based fully independent English-language news and features website, covering Bulgaria, the Balkans and the EU. Sign up to subscribe to's daily bulletin through the form on our homepage.